Indigenous people living in Arkansas used both the leaves and the starchy wild seeds of the amaranth plant for food. Light colored, domesticated amaranth seeds have been identified from Ozark bluff shelters dating to as early as 1000 B.P. Amaranth flowers appear in the summer, and the seeds form in late summer/early fall. Amaranth seeds are a balanced source of carbohydrates and protein with an efficient harvest rate. In other words, although amaranth seeds are quite small, it is relatively easy to harvest and process them, making it a valuable source of food.
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