Mary Beth Trubitt and Ann M. Early (Arkansas Archeological Survey)
Artifact of the Month - April 2019
In the Joint Educational Consortium’s (JEC) Hodges Collection is a large, shallow, flat-bottomed pan with very thick walls (1.2 cm thick), made of clay tempered with coarse mussel shell. With about half the vessel reconstructed, we can see it has a straight, outslanted rim and a circular, flat base. Its opening is an estimated 50 cm in diameter, and it stands about 13.5 cm in height. While we have no locational information for this vessel (Accession 1977-1/X-473), it is the most complete salt pan known from southwest Arkansas. It represents an important Caddo period industry. Caddo Indians in southwest Arkansas used these large shallow pans to boil brine from local saline springs to make salt. They traded salt to other tribes beginning around AD 1100.