Hedges and Hughes are two ancestral Caddo mound sites in the Ouachita and Saline river drainages of west-central Arkansas. At both sites, excavations by the Arkansas Archeological Survey’s Henderson State University research station in 1973–1974 and 2002 uncovered remains of burned buildings next to the main mounds. Artifacts related to food preparation/consumption and crafting activities reflect the Middle and Late Caddo periods (ca. AD 1200s through 1600s). Chapters provide detailed descriptions of the excavations and comparisons of the ceramics, chipped and ground stone tools, and organic materials. The final chapter discusses spatial layout of the two communities and infers cultural connections between them and neighboring regions.